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Alphabet Agencies
Alphabet agencies were agencies created as a section of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal. During the first 100 days of Roosevelt’s time in office in 1933, the agencies set up were to combat the Great Depression. More were created throughout the 1930s and 1940s as well. There have been at least 100 offices counted during these years. Some agencies were created by Congress while others lay under Roosevelt’s direct orders, or belonged to the Works Progress Administration. Altogether these agencies were sometime referred to as alphabet soup. Some of them still exist today, have merged into other sectors, or been abolished.external image money1302.gifexternal image Alphabet.jpg

Initialism
Year
Agency
AAA
1933
Agricultural Adjustment Act
CAA
1933
Civil Aeronautics Authority (now Federal Aviation Administration)
CCC
1933
Civilian Conservation Corps
CCC
1933
Commodity Credit Corporation
CWA
1933
Civil Works Administration
DRS
1935
Drought Relief Service
DSH
1933
Subsistence Homesteads Division
EBA
1933
Emergency Banking Act
FAP
1935
Federal Art Project (part of WPA)
FCA
1933
Farm Credit Administration
FCC
1934
Federal Communications Commission
FDIC
1933
Federal Deposit Insurance Administration
FERA
1933
Federal Emergency Relief Administration
FHA
1934
Federal housing Administration
FLSA
1938
Fair Labor Standards Act
FMP
1935
Federal Music Project (part of WPA)
FSA
1935
Farm Security Administration
FSRC
1933
Federal Surplus Relief Corporation
FTP
1935
Federal Theatre Project (part of WPA)
FWA
1939
Federal Works Agency
FWP
1935
Federal Writers' Project (part of WPA)
HOLC
1933
Home Owners Load Corporation
NIRA
1933
National Industry Recovery Act
NLRA
1935
National Labor Relations Act
NLRB
1934
National Labor Relations Board/ The Wagner Act
NRA
1933
National Recover Administration
PRRA
1933
Puerto Rice Reconstruction Administration
PWA
1933
Public Works Administration
RA
1935
Resettlement Administration
REA
1935
Rural Electrification Administration (now Rural Utilities Service)
SEC
1934
Securities and Exchange Commission
SSA
1935
Social Security Administration
SSB
1935
Social Security Board (now Social Security Administration)
TVA
1933
Tennessee Valley Authority
USHA
1937
United States Housing Authority
USMC
1936
United States Maritime Commission
WPA
1935
Works Progress Administration
HOLC
1933
Home Owner [[#|Loans]] Corporation
FHA
1934
Federal Housing Administration
WPA
1935
Works Progress Administration

Agricultural Adjustment Act

The AAA was created to help poor farmers. They were instructed under this federal law not to plant on all of their land, but leave a portion left untouched, as well as kill off excess livestock. They were paid subsidies for following this law. The reason behind this was to raise the value of crops with fewer surpluses. Subsidies were generated through taxing solely companies who processed farm goods. This was considered the first farm bill in the U.S.A.

external image wpa-man-making-a-skull-and-bone-symbol.jpgWorks Progress Administration

Replacing the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, WPA became the most ambition agency created during Roosevelt’s New Deal. It works to employ millions of the unskilled, [[#|unemployed]] workers of the Great Depression. Even though this cost more than direct cash payments, it was more beneficial, psychologically, for the unemployed. Through the creation of need for employers to build and maintain projects, such as public building construction, and the manufacturing of roads, and operating large arts, drama, media, it worked towards the main goal of lowering unemployment. Throughout almost all communities in the United States parks, bridges or schools went up because of this agency. Its’ beginning aims were about $4.9 billion, but totalled around $13.4 billion. At WPA’s peak, it employed about three million men, woman and youth (in a separate division). Between 1935 and 1943 Harry Hopkins, heading Works Progress Administration, provided income in almost eight million jobs. After an amazing eight year run, the WPA was discharged due to the economic boom of World War Two.

Tennessee Valley Authority
external image topics19and2013.jpg
This agency was created in May 1933 by congress. It was created to provide flood control, economic development, electricity generation, and fertilizer manufacturing in the Tennessee Valley. TVA was solely created for the Tennessee Valley due to the disastrous effects of the Great Depression. This agency was not only set up as a provider, but also to help the area grow and expand to modernize the economy and society with expert help. TVA covered a wide area including; parts of Alabama, Mississippi and Kentucky. It also includes small pieces of North Carolina, Georgia and Virginia. The majority state that it covers is Tennessee. This was, and still is the largest regional planning agency in the federal government. It also became the exemplary for American aid to modernize the Third World.

Public Works Administration

As a part of the New Deal, PWA was set up to help aid the effects of the Great Depression. It was set up in June 1933 by the National Industry Recover Act to construct large-scale public work. While building dams, bridges, hospitals and schools across the nation, it helped decrease unemployment, secure purchasing power and help bring about a stronger economy. Public Works Administration aimed to spend $3.3 billion in the first year and $6 billion in total. During 1933 to 1935 and again in 1938 PWA spent the most. In 1943 PWA was shut down. This agency contrasted Works Progress Administration as it supplied jobs for the skilled unemployed worker not the educated.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alphabet_agencies
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agricultural_Adjustment_Act
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_Works_Administration
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tennessee_Valley_Authority
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Works_Progress_Administration
http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1599.html
http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1639.html
http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1653.html